CE marking is not, therefore, a quality mark: it is a mark used by manufacturers to self-certify that their product complies with the mandatory requirements for its sale and use.

For construction products (i.e. all products intended for permanent incorporation into construction works, including curtain walls, doors and windows), these requirements are set down in Directive 89/106/EEC dated 21 December 1988 and are as follows:

• mechanical resistance and stability
• safety in case of fire
• hygiene, health and the environment

• safety in use

• protection against noise

• energy economy and heat retention.

In practice, therefore, affixing the CE mark to a finished product – excluding its installation – certifies that it complies with the above requirements and confirms that it meets certain performance specifications for regulated requirements in relation to the intended uses.

The conformity of a door, window or curtain walling product with the requirements of the applicable harmonized European technical standard (product standard) must be demonstrated by:

• Initial Type Tests (ITT): depending on requirements, it may be necessary to carry out theoretical calculations on one or more test specimens that are representative the product range, in accordance with the requirements of the European product reference standard
• Factory production control (FPC): this is the manufacturer’s responsibility, and consists in constant, regular monitoring of the processing and assembly of the product, so as to ensure that the finished product has the same performance as declared and documented on completion of the ITT.

The relevant records must be retained for five years.

The manufacturer is responsible for affixing the CE mark to the product, to a label affixed to the product, to its packaging or to the commercial documents accompanying it.

CE MARKING FOR CURTAIN WALLING
With effect from 2 December 2005, CE marking became compulsory for curtain walling without structural bonding of the glass, that had already been placed on the market, on penalty of temporary suspension of sale or, in the most serious cases, seizure of the product in question by the competent authorities. For this type of product, the process entails conformity with harmonized European standard UNI EN 13830, prepared by the CEN’s Technical Committee TC 33.

According to EN 13119, curtain walling is an external building facade produced with framing made mainly of metal, timber or PVC, usually consisting of vertical and horizontal structural members, connected together and anchored to the supporting structure of the building, which provides, by itself or in conjunction with the building construction, all the normal functions of an external wall, but does not contribute to the load bearing characteristics of the building structure.

In general, product standard EN 13830 applies to curtain walling intended for installation at an angle ranging from vertical to ±15° from the vertical. For the purposes of CE marking, curtain walling cannot be considered a finished product before its installation, insofar as it consists of a set of components that do not become a curtain wall until they have been assembled on site.

The standard therefore applies to curtain walling kits, containing sets of components that constitute a finished product, once assembled. As such, it applies both to curtain walling designed, produced and installed on the basis of a standard commercial system and to curtain walling produced or installed for a specific site on the basis of a specific design.

To make life easier for door and window fabricators/installers, INDINVEST LT carries out stringent testing on its products for use in curtain walling without structural bonding of the glass and can therefore supply its customers with the test certification documents together with the kit for the system, provided that they undertake not to make any modifications to the product and to comply with the assembly and work instructions provided by INDINVEST LT. All that fabricators/installers need to do therefore, is draw up their own factory production control (FPC) plan and then – once the fabricated product complies with the requirements set down in the documents supplied by INDINVEST LT – affix the CE mark complete with mandatory information to their product, and attach a declaration of conformity.

CE MARKING FOR SHUTTERS AND EXTERNAL VENETIAN BLINDS

With effect from 2 April 2006, door and window fabricators who sell shutters or external venetian blinds in European Economic Area countries are required to affix the CE mark to their products, on penalty of temporary suspension of sale or, in the most serious cases, seizure of the product in question by the competent authorities.

For shutters and external venetian blinds, the process entails conformity with harmonized European standard UNI EN 13659, prepared by the CEN’s Technical Committee TC 33.

UNI EN 13659 specifies the performance and safety requirements of the following types of shutters and external venetian blinds and similar products installed in buildings, whatever their use and the nature of the materials used: external venetian blinds, roller shutters, wing shutters, venetian shutters, flat-closing concertina shutters, concertina shutters or sliding panel shutters, with or without a system of projection.
The shutters and venetian blinds covered by UNI EN 13659 can be operated manually or by means of electric motors (power-operated products). UNI EN 13659 also deals with the significant hazards for assembly, transport, installation, operation and maintenance of shutters and external venetian blinds. Internal blinds do not fall within the scope of UNI EN 13659.

Under UNI EN 13659, in order to be able to affix the CE mark, door and window fabricators are required to:
• conduct Initial Type Tests (ITT):  this consists in testing the wind resistance of the shutter or external venetian blind, either in-house or at an external laboratory. Until such time as the Italian authorities set down minimum performance levels, fabricators may select the option “NPD” (“No Performance Determined”).

• prepare a Factory Production Control plan (FPC):  this consists in drawing up and adhering to a manual that sets down the checks to be carried out during the process of fabrication of the shutter or external venetian blind.

To make life easier for door and window fabricators/installers, INDINVEST LT carries out stringent testing on its products (shutters and internal venetian blinds) and can therefore supply its customers with the test certificates, provided that they undertake not to make any modifications to the product, to use only original INDINVEST LT accessories and profiles and to comply with the assembly and work instructions provided to them by INDINVEST LT. All that fabricators/installers need to do therefore, is draw up their own factory production control (FPC) plan and then – once the fabricated product complies with the requirements set down in the documents supplied by INDINVEST LT – affix the CE mark complete with mandatory information to their product, and attach a declaration of conformity.

CE MARKING FOR DOORS AND WINDOWS

With effect from 1 February 2010, door and window fabricators who sell windows and external pedestrian doorsets without fire-resisting or smoke control characteristics in European Economic Area countries are required to affix the CE mark to their products, on penalty of temporary suspension of sale or, in the most serious cases, seizure of the product in question by the competent authorities.

Under EN 14351-1, in order to be able to affix the CE mark, door and window fabricators are required to carry out:

•    Initial Type Tests (ITT): to be carried out at the start of production of a new type of window or pedestrian doorset (unless the product in question belongs to a family that has already undergone testing) or at the start of a new production method (if this changes the stated characteristics) on the following parameters: resistance to wind load, resistance to snow and permanent load, reaction to fire, water-tightness, impact resistance, acoustic performance, thermal transmittance, mechanical strength, radiation properties, air permeability, durability, ventilation, resistance to repeated opening and closing, operating forces

•    Factory Production Control plan (FPC), to be carried out by the manufacturer: must ensure that the products placed on the market comply with the stated performance characteristics. The FPC system must include procedures, regular inspections, tests and/or evaluations, and the use of the results thereof, for the control of raw materials and other incoming materials or components, equipment, the production process and the product.

To make life easier for door and window fabricators/installers, INDINVEST LT carries out stringent testing on its products (windows and external pedestrian doorsets without fire-resisting or smoke control characteristics) and can therefore supply its customers with the test certification documents, provided that they undertake not to make any modifications to the product, to use only original INDINVEST LT accessories and profiles and to comply with the assembly and work instructions provided by INDINVEST LT. All that fabricators/installers need to do therefore, is draw up their own factory production control (FPC) plan and then – once the fabricated product complies with the requirements set down in the documents supplied by INDINVEST LT – affix the CE mark complete with mandatory information to their product, and attach a declaration of conformity.

Do not hesitate to contact the INDINVEST LT distribution network if you require any further information.